8 Tips for Hypertension
Author: Achieve Wellness Staff
Hypertension, also known as high blood pressure, is a medical condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is persistently elevated. High blood pressure is a major risk factor for a variety of healthy problems, such as heart disease and stroke.
Blood pressure is determined by the amount of blood your heart pumps, as well as by the amount of resistance to blood flow in your arteries. The more blood your heart pumps and the narrower your arteries, the higher your blood pressure.
High blood pressure generally develops over many years, and it affects nearly everyone eventually. Most people with high blood pressure have no signs or symptoms, so it’s important to get regular blood pressure readings.
Once you get a blood pressure reading, it’s also important to understand what it means. A blood pressure reading consists of two numbers: a top number and a bottom number. The top number is called the systolic reading. It’s a measurement of the pressure in the arteries when the heart muscle beats (contracts). This number should be 120 or less. The bottom number is the diastolic reading. It’s the measurement of the pressure in the arteries between heartbeats (when the heart muscle is resting between beats and is refilling with blood). This number should be 80 or less.
There are a number of lifestyle habits that will help to maintain a healthy blood pressure:
1. Eat a healthy diet, low in sodium
2. Partake in regular physical activity
3. Maintain a healthy weight
4. Keep stress managed
5. Avoid tobacco smoke
6. Comply with medical prescriptions
7. Limit alcohol intake
8. Understand hot tub safety